Top 100 Constellations (pg 5)


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       81.  Corvus

The Crow was the god Apollo's sacred bird. Apollo was associated with prophecy and wisdom, with music and poetry, with medicine, law, philosophy, and the arts. When the Olympian gods were set upon by the monster Typhon, the god Pan shouted a warning, and the gods changed themselves into animals to escape. Aphrodite and Eros changed themselves into fish. Pan too tried to become a fish, but ended up as only half a fish. Apollo changed himself into a Crow. The Crow offered the excuse that a watersnake had been blocking the spring, but the wise Apollo saw through the excuse and punished the Crow. Apollo changed the melodious voice of the bird into a raucous squawk. Some say that it was at this point that the white feathers of the crow were turned into black. But the worst punishment of all is that Apollo set the crow Corvus into the stars right beside the cup Crater on the back of the watersnake Hydra. The watersnake was commanded never to let the Crow get near enough to the Cup to drink.
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82.  Crater

One is a mediocre celestial zone where the Crater constellation, nailed in galactic latitude of +40º is located and therefore in a very poor zone in doubles and accumulations and something rich in galaxies. Located to average distance between Spica or Virginis and Sextans.

It is observed from January to July culminating in the meridian at the end of March. Visible in both hermisferios until 60º of North latitude.


It limits the north with the constellation of I read, to the east with Hydra and Sextans, to the south with the Hydra and the west with a the precious constellation of Corvus. Along with Corvus and Sextans comprise of a stellar zone located to the north of the constellation of Hydra already in their more Eastern sector. It is formed by star weak not surpassing the third magnitude for that reason it is not easy to identify it at first. I located the 1 to it of April of 1986 at the age of 18 years.
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83.  Hydra

Hydra The Water Snake, is the largest and longest constellation in the sky, but is not easy to identify because most of the stars are faint. Apart from the brightest star, Alphard, marking the heart of the Water Snake, Hydra's only recognisable feature is its head, which is made up of an attractive group of six stars. Hydra winds its way irregularly from the head near Procyon in Canis Minor, to the tail near Libra and Centaurus.

Hydra is one of the old groups, to which Ptolemy assigned twenty-five stars in all. Hydra is usually identified with the multi-headed monster slain by Hercules, but another legend links it with Corvus the Crow and Crater the Cup, which are found on its back, the bird having returned to the god Apollo with Hydra in its claws as an excuse for its delayed mission to fetch water in the cup.
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84.  Leo

Leo is the Nemean Lion slain by Hercules as the first of his Labors. The Lion lived in a cave near the town of Nemea southwest of Corinth. This was no ordinary Lion. Some say it was the spawn of the terrible monster Typhon thrown up by Earth in that terrible ten year war between the Olympian gods and the Titans. Others say that it was the offspring of the two-headed dog Orthrus that guarded the cattle of Geryon.
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85.  Lupus

The Wolf is usually pictured as hanging from a pole carried by the Centaur, which is the next constellation to the west. The writers of classical times considered this area of the sky to be part of the Centaur. They considered this area of the sky to represent an unspecified beast being carried by the Centaur. According to Ridpath it was only in Renaissance times that the constellation become identified with a wolf.

There seems to be no classical mythology connected with this dim area of the sky.
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86.  Lynx


There is another more romantic story about Lynx, which I kind of like. It involves Pluto (God of the Underworld) and Proserpina, daughter of Ceres . As it turns out Ceres cause a great blight to kill all of the grains and lay the earth barren until Pluto returned her daughter Proserpina. Of course by this time Proserpina was already the queen of the Underworld and could not be returned to her mother. Zeus finally stepped in and decreed that for six months Proserpina would live in the Underworld (winter, the season when nothing grows) and then for six months she would live in the Upperworld (summer, the season when crops grow and mature). This placated Ceres rage and sorrows enough for her to send a messenger in her dragon-drawn Chariot to rain seeds of harvest across the Earth. When her messenger came close to Scythia, reigned by the jealous and envious King Lyncus, a plot to kill this messenger and take the credit for the good harvest was contrived by Lyncus. But, just a the fowl deed was about to happen, Ceres changed Lyncus into a Lynx and placed him in the sky where the stars were so dim that nobody could see him, unless “you had the eyes of a lynx.” I like this last story best, but most scholars recognize Hevelius as Lynx creator.
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87.  Pyxis

Pyxis is another one of the constellations invented by Abbe Nicholas Louis de Lacaille who mapped the stars of the southern hemisphere from the Cape of Good Hope in the years from 1751 to 1753.

As the Mariner's Compass, Pyxis should be seen as a magnetic compass, which is a device that would have been unknown to the Greeks and Romans of classical times. There is no mythology associated with the figure. It contains stars only of fourth magnitude and dimmer.
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88.   Sextans


Sextans is a modern constellation created by the Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius in 1687. Hevelius created the constellation to commemorate the large, beautifully decorated sextant with which he had measured many star positions. The instrument was lost in a fire in 1679 that destroyed his observatory in Danzig.

The constellation is quite dim and only contains stars well below fourth magnitude.
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89.  Virgo

Virgo, the second largest constellation and one of the earliest to be distinguished, lies on the zodiac east of Leo and, in mid-latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere, is visible above the southern horizon on spring evenings. In this website you will find information about Virgo signs, Virgo characteristics, Virgo constellation, horoscope, personality, traits and the Virgo zodiac sign profile in the UK. Most of Virgos stars are faint, except for brilliant blue white Spica, the 15th brightest star in the sky. The autumnal equinox, or the position of the Sun on the first day of autumn, is located in Virgo. The constellation is noted for containing a large cluster of galaxies.
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90.  Aquila

The Eagle is the bird of Zeus, the chief god of the Olympian pantheon. It was sometimes called the thunderbird, because it was the Eagle that carried the thunderbolts of Zeus and retrieved them after they were thrown. Data from the Hipparcos spacecraft has revealed that the stars of Brocchi's Cluster do not constitute a true cluster. Thus, the Coathanger asterism is a chance alignment of stars. Nevertheless, The Coathanger is a fine object in binoculars or a wide field telescope.

In December, 1999, a bright nova appeared in Aquila. Nova V1494 Aquilae became as bright as magnitude 4.
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91.  Ara

The Gods of the Greek pantheon like Zeus, Hera, Hermes, and Athene, were sometimes called the Olympians, because they made their home on the top of Mount Olympus, which the Greeks imagined as towering up at the center of the earth. the Olympians were, according to classical mythology, a younger generation of gods, who won their place in the pantheon by overturning an older generation of gods, known as the Titans. It was a cosmic battle in which many terrible creatures were released into the world, and there was death and destruction. Ara was seen as being an omen of the weather. If Ara was visible in a sky otherwise covered with clouds, it was said that sailors could expect storms from the south. And indeed, in Greece Ara at its greatest altitude appears only a small distance above the southern horizon.
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92.  Capricornus

Another name for this fascinating creature is CAPRICORNUS.
The modern symbol of this sign is usually shown as a Goat like animal. But since ancient days, this creature was like Sagittarius, in that it was combined by two animals.

Capricornus legends and myths are to be found among the myths of the Sheppard (nature God) Pan.Actually Pan is really an Akkadian God, which the ancient Greeks and Romans took as their own.Pan is a very famous character from ancient days, poets and authors gave him many attributes, even some as cruel as being the Devil himself.

There are various versions, as to how Pan changes into the constellation of Capricorn. The fascination of Pan is most intriguing because of his mean and yet very playful nature. He is a teaser of nature and yet a son of the great Zeus. He had the total embodiment of a real human, because of his Lust and his inner duality.

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93.  Corona Australis

In astronomy, a small southern constellation visible from both the Northern and the Southern hemispheres. The name Corona Australis is Latin for "southern crown," and this constellation is considered the southern counterpart of the brighter Corona Borealis, or Northern Crown. Corona Australis was among the 15 southern constellations included in the 48 constellations cataloged in the 2nd century AD by Ptolemy, who knew it as a wreath. Although the brightest stars in Corona Australis are only of the fourth magnitude, they form a distinctive curve at the edge of the Milky Way, which runs through the western part of the constellation. Corona Australis lies east of Scorpius and south and west of Sagittarius. In the mid-southern latitudes it rises over the eastern horizon in May, reaches its highest point in the sky at 10:00 pm on August 1, when it appears almost directly overhead, and drops below the western horizon in November. At culmination it appears low on the southern horizon to viewers in the mid-northern latitudes.
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94.  Microscopium


Microscopium is another one of the constellations invented by Abbe Nicholas Louis de Lacaille who mapped the stars of the southern hemisphere from the Cape of Good Hope in the years from 1751 to 1753.

Microscopium is extremely dim. It contains only stars of fifth magnitude and dimmer.
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95.  Ophiuchus

From approximately 247 to 266 degrees of the Ecliptic (the center of the plane of the Zodiac Belt) measured from the current point of the vernal equinox (as of 2000 A.D.) and clearly in that space of it popularly thought to be occupied by Scorpio the Scorpion is a newcomer to the Belt of the Zodiac, but only inasmuch as it has lain all this time unempowered and unknown as a zodiac constellation. Taking up approximately 19 degrees worth of the Ecliptic is Ophiuchus, The Serpent Holder.
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96.  Serpens


Asclepius acquired the secret of rebirth from the serpent. He accidentally crushed a serpent with his foot. A second serpent appeared, bearing an herb its mouth, which it gave to the dead serpent. The dead serpent revived. Asclepius took a bit of the serpent's herb and through this acquired the secret of rebirth.

Since the Olympian gods generally in myth had the power over life and death, you do have to wonder why the god Asclepius had to get the secret of life and death from a serpent!
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97.  Sagitta

A very small constellation lying south of the Fox, Vulpecula, and north of the Eagle, Aquila. As a matter of fact Sagitta is the third smallest constellation in the sky. It shows clearly the shape of an arrow flying towards the Swan, Cygnus. Sagitta is a small constellation, but the bow and arrow was a common weapon in classical times. Therefore it should not be surprising that there are different stories to account for the presence of an arrow in the sky.
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98.  Telescopium


Telescopium (Latin: telescope) is a minor southern constellation identified and named by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, the 18th century French astronomer, a student of the southern skies. Since it was introduced in the 17th century, and, as a southern constellation, was not
visible to Mediterranean culture, there is no earlier mythology associated with it.
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99.  Vulpecula

Vulpecula is a modern constellation created in 1687 by the Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius. Vulpecula is quite dim and contains no stars brighter than fourth magnitude.

Vulpecula was originally pictured with a goose in its mouth and was originally referred to as "Vulpes et Anser" or "Vulpecula et Anser", that is, the Fox and the Goose.
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100.  Pavo

Pavo was created by the Dutch navigators Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman, who charted the southern skies in 1595 - 1597.

This constellation lies too far south to have figured in classical mythology. It would have been below the horizon for European observers, and most of the constellation would have been below the horizon even for observers on the African shore of the Mediterranean Sea.
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